1 one or more recordings issued together; originally released on 12-inch phonograph records (usually with attractive record covers) and later on cassette audio tape and compact disc [syn: record album]
2 a book of blank pages with pockets or envelopes; for organizing photographs or stamp collections etc
EtymologyFrom album < albus.
- A book specially designed to keep photographs, stamps, or autographs.
- A vinyl record usually containing several (often 7-9) singles (songs.)
- A CD containing between 3 and anything up to 30 tracks (songs or instrumentals).
- A group of audio recordings, on any media, intended for distribution as a group.
- Japanese: アルバム (arubamu)
EtymologyFrom album < albus.
An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. The most common way is through commercial distribution, although smaller artists will often distribute directly to the public by selling their albums at live concerts or on their websites.
The tracks on an album may be related by subject, mood or sound, and may even be designed to express a unified message or tell a story (as in the case of a concept album), or the tracks may simply represent a convenient grouping of recordings made at one time or place, or recordings whose commercial rights are controlled by a single record label. A group of audio tracks is considered to be an album if it has a generally consistent track list (often with minor differences or bonus tracks in different territories, or if the album is "reissued" at different times). An album may be released in a single format, such as on compact disc, or in multiple media formats, ranging from physical ones such as CDs, DVD audio, cassettes and vinyl records, to digital ones such as MP3 and AAC files or streaming audio.
The term "record album" originated from the fact that 78 RPM Phonograph disc records were kept together in a book resembling a photo album. The first collection of records to be called an "album" was Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite, released in April 1909 as a four-disc set by Odeon Records. It retailed for 16 shillings — about £56 (US$101) in 2005 currency.
In 1948, Columbia produced the first 12 inch, 33⅓ RPM microgroove record made of vinyl. Sometimes shorter albums are referred to as EPs, an abbreviation of extended play, "extended" meaning longer than a single but shorter than an LP. The term "mini-album" may also be used.
If an album becomes too long to fit this format, a recording artist may make the decision to release a double album where two vinyl LPs or compact discs are packaged together in a single case, or a triple album containing three LP's or compact discs.
Recording artists who have an extensive back catalogue will often re-release several CDs in one single box with a unified design, often containing one or more albums, or a compilation of previously unreleased recordings. These are known as box sets. Some musical artists have also released more than three compact discs or LP records of new recordings at once, in the form of boxed sets, although in that case the work is still usually considered to be an album.
- List of albums
- Single (music)
- Extended play
- Long play
- Release (music)
- Compact disc
- Album cover
- Liner notes
album in Arabic: ألبوم
album in Catalan: Àlbum musical
album in Czech: Hudební album
album in Danish: Album
album in German: Musikalbum
album in Estonian: Muusikaalbum
album in Modern Greek (1453-): Άλμπουμ
album in Spanish: Álbum musical
album in Esperanto: Muzikalbumo
album in French: Album (musique)
album in Indonesian: Album
album in Italian: Album discografico
album in Hebrew: אלבום מוזיקה
album in Lithuanian: Albumas
album in Croatian: Glazbeni album
album in Hungarian: Nagylemeznah:Huēycaquizcopīnalōni
album in Dutch: Album (muziek)
album in Japanese: アルバム
album in Norwegian: Musikkalbum
album in Polish: Album (wydawnictwo muzyczne)
album in Portuguese: Álbum
album in Romanian: Album (muzică)
album in Russian: Музыкальный альбом
album in Simple English: Album
album in Slovak: Hudobný album
album in Slovenian: Glasbeni album
album in Serbian: Албум
album in Serbo-Croatian: Album
album in Finnish: Albumi
album in Swedish: Musikalbum
album in Tagalog: Album
album in Thai: อัลบั้ม
album in Vietnamese: Album
album in Ukrainian: Музичний альбом
album in Võro: Albom
album in Chinese: 音樂專輯
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